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Test Code DSRCT Desmoplastic Small Round-Cell Tumor by Reverse Transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR)

Useful For

Supporting the diagnosis of desmoplastic small round-cell tumor

Additional Tests

Test ID Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
SLIRV Slide Review in MG No, (Bill Only) Yes

Reflex Tests

Test ID Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
EWSF EWSR1 (22q12), FISH, Ts Yes No

Testing Algorithm

This test is performed in conjunction with slide review. Additional testing may be performed after review by pathologist. Upon approval from the requesting clinician, PATHC / Pathology Consultation may be added, if determined to be appropriate.

Special Instructions

Method Name

Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR)/Gel Electrophoresis

Reporting Name

Desmo Small Round-Cell Tumor,RT-PCR

Specimen Type


Advisory Information

Special stains performed outside Mayo Clinic Laboratories and included with the case may be repeated and charged at the reviewing pathologist's discretion. Testing requested by the referring physician may not be performed if deemed unnecessary by Mayo Clinic pathologist.

Necessary Information

A pathology/diagnostic report including a brief history is required.

Specimen Required

A quality specimen is essential for evaluation. Submit only tissue containing tumor cells; minimal tissue is required for evaluation.


Supplies: Surgical Pathology Packaging Kit (T554) requested, but not required



Specimen Type: Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue with a minimum of 5% tumor cell population

Collection Instructions: Process all specimens into FFPE tissue blocks prior to submission.



Specimen Type: Unstained slides with a minimum of 5% tumor cell population; slides may be stained and/or scraped

Slides: A minimum of ten, 4- to 5-micron thick, unstained slides are required.

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time
Varies Ambient (preferred)

Reject Due To








Specimens that have been decalcified (all methods)

Specimens that have not been formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded

Bone marrow in EDTA

Clinical Information

Desmoplastic small round-cell tumor (DSRCT) is a member of the small round-cell tumor group that also includes rhabdomyosarcoma, synovial sarcoma, lymphoma, Wilms tumor, and Ewing sarcoma. DSRCT is a type of sarcoma that affects mainly children and adolescent males, usually in the form of widespread intra-abdominal growth not related to any specific organ system. The tumor is composed of angulated nests of small round cells with an abundant desmoplastic stroma. The tumor cells show multiphenotypic differentiation and are usually positive for cytokeratin and desmin.(1-4) These tumors can express renal, epithelial, muscle, and endocrine markers.


While treatment and prognosis depend on establishing the correct diagnosis, the diagnosis of sarcomas that form the small round-cell tumor group can be very difficult by light microscopic examination alone, especially true when only small-needle biopsy specimens are available for examination. The use of histochemical and immunohistochemical stains (eg, desmin, cytokeratin, and WT1) can assist in establishing the correct diagnosis, they cannot distinguish between DSRCT and other small round-cell tumors. Expertise in soft tissue and bone pathology are often needed.


Studies have shown that some sarcomas have specific recurrent chromosomal translocations. These translocations produce highly specific gene fusions that help define and characterize subtypes of sarcomas and are useful in the diagnosis of these lesions.(1-4)


DSRCT is associated with a unique chromosomal translocation t(11:22)(p13;q12) that involves the EWSR1 and the WT1 genes. EWSR1 is the breakpoint site of translocations associated with Ewing sarcoma and WT1 is a gene altered in some Wilms tumors. The translocation results in a fusion of the 2 genes with expression of a chimeric EWSR1-WT1 product. The most common breakpoints involve the intron between EWSR1 exon 7 and 8 and the intron between WT1 exons 7 and 8. Analyses of these transcripts have shown an in-frame fusion of RNA encoding the amino-terminal domain of EWSR1 to the zinc finger of the DNA-binding domain of WT1.

Reference Values

An interpretative report will be provided.

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Monday through Friday; Varies

Analytic Time

8 days

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Clinic Laboratories in Rochester

Test Classification

This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information

81401-EWSR1/WT1 (t(11;22)) (eg, Ewing sarcoma/peripheral neuroectodermal tumor), translocation analysis, qualitative, and quantitative, if performed

88381-Microdissection, manual

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
DSRCT Desmo Small Round-Cell Tumor,RT-PCR In Process


Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
54754 Result Summary 50397-9
54755 Result 82939-0
54756 Interpretation 69047-9
54757 Additional Information 48767-8
54758 Reason for Referral 42349-1
54759 Specimen 31208-2
54760 Source 31208-2
54761 Tissue ID 80398-1
54762 Released By 18771-6

NY State Approved



1. Pathology/Cytology Information (T707) in Special Instructions

2. If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send 1 of the following forms with the specimen:

-Pathology Test Request (T246)

-Oncology Test Request (T729)