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Test Code FACT F-Actin Ab, IgG, S

Reporting Name

F-Actin Ab, IgG, S

Useful For

Evaluating patients suspected of having autoimmune hepatitis

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Medical Laboratories in Rochester

Specimen Type

Serum


Specimen Required


Container/Tube:

Preferred: Serum gel

Acceptable: Red top

Specimen Volume: 0.5 mL


Specimen Minimum Volume

0.4 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time
Serum Refrigerated (preferred) 21 days
  Frozen  21 days

Reference Values

Negative: <20.0 U

Weak Positive: 20.0-30.0 U

Positive: >30.0 U

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Thursday; Evening

Test Classification

This test has been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information

83516

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
FACT F-Actin Ab, IgG, S 44706-0

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
FACT F-Actin Ab, IgG, S 44706-0

Clinical Information

Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is caused by chronic inflammation within the liver, resulting in damage to the hepatocytes.(1) Initially, patients with AIH may be clinically asymptomatic, usually identified only through an incidental finding of abnormal liver function tests. At a more advanced stage, patients may manifest with symptoms such as jaundice, pruritus, and/or ascites, which are secondary to the more extensive liver damage. As implied by the name, AIH has many characteristics of an autoimmune disease, including female predominance, hypergammaglobulinemia, association with specific HLA alleles, responsiveness to immunosuppression, and the presence of autoantibodies. There are several autoantibodies associated with AIH, although the most common is anti-smooth muscle antibody (anti-SMA). Anti-SMAs are generally identified by indirect immunofluorescence using a smooth muscle substrate. The antigen specificity of anti-SMAs in the context of AIH has been identified as filamentous-actin (F-actin).(2) Because the clinical symptoms of AIH are nonspecific, being found in a variety of liver diseases (drug/alcohol-associated hepatitis, viral hepatitis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, etc), the diagnosis can be challenging. A set of diagnostic criteria for AIH has been published, and includes the presence of various autoantibodies, elevated total IgG, evidence of hepatitis on liver histology, and absence of viral markers.(3) The combination of autoantibody serology, specifically anti-SMAs and anti-F-Actin antibodies with liver histology and thorough clinical evaluation are useful in the evaluation of patients with suspected autoimmune hepatitis.

Analytic Time

1 day

NY State Approved

Yes

Method Name

Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA)