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Test Code ACMA Acetaminophen, Serum

Useful For

Monitoring toxicity in overdose cases

Method Name

Photometric

Reporting Name

Acetaminophen, S

Specimen Type

Serum


Specimen Required


Container/Tube:
Preferred:
Serum gel
Acceptable:
Red top
Specimen Volume:
0.5 mL
Collection Instructions:
1. Serum gel tubes should be centrifuged within 2 hours of collection.
2. Red-top tubes should be centrifuged and aliquoted within 2 hours of collection.


Specimen Minimum Volume

0.25 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time
Serum Refrigerated (preferred) 14 days
  Frozen  28 days
  Ambient  14 days

Clinical Information

Acetaminophen (found in Anacin-3, Comtrex, Contac, Datril, Dristan, Excedrin, Nyquil, Sinutab, Tempera, Tylenol, Vanquish, and many others) is an analgesic, antipyretic drug lacking significant anti-inflammatory activity. It is metabolized by the liver with a normal elimination half-life of less than 4 hours. In normal therapeutic doses, a minor metabolite, possessing electrophilic alkylating activity, readily reacts with glutathione in the liver to yield a detoxified product. In overdose situations, liver glutathione is consumed and the toxic metabolite (postulated metabolite: benzoquinone) reacts with cellular proteins resulting in hepatotoxicity, characterized by centrilobular necrosis, and possible death, if untreated. N-acetylcysteine can substitute for glutathione and serves as an antidote.

 

Serum concentration and half-life are the only way to assess degree of intoxication in early stages since other liver function studies (eg, bilirubin, liver function enzymes) will not show clinically significant increases until after tissue damage has occurred, at which point therapy is ineffective.

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Monday through Sunday; Continuously

Analytic Time

Same day/1 day

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Medical Laboratories in Rochester

CPT Code Information

80307

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
ACMA Acetaminophen, S 3298-7

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
ACMA Acetaminophen, S 3298-7

NY State Approved

Yes

Test Classification

This test has been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

Reference Values

Therapeutic: <30 mcg/mL

Toxic: >150 mcg/mL 4 hours after dose